Recent literature shows a lot of experimentation in kinetics for architectural skins. It is mostly introduced as a solution for the climate control and shading. Nevertheless, most of the proposed solutions contain complicated mechanical systems with centralized control. They themselves require a lot of electrical energy and constant monitoring. These complicated systems are costly and minimize the useful impact produced by the design solution. The research sets out to explore the possibilities of using Shape Memory Alloys (SMA) for the dynamic shading devices. SMA have a special quality of the solid-state change. Thus, they can remember the predefined shape and restore it automatically at the presence of the right stimulus. It makes them a universal material that can work as a sensor and actuator at the same time without a need of electricity input and centralized control system.
Albag O., Anishchenko M., Grassi G., Paoletti I. (2020) Adaptive Skins: Towards New Material Systems. In: Daniotti B., Gianinetto M., Della Torre S. (eds) Digital Transformation of the Design, Construction and Management Processes of the Built Environment. Research for Development. Springer, Cham. Available on-line at: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-030-33570-0_19